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Prevention and development are central to tackle emerging complex threats to international peace and security: UN Chief
One-day discussion was held by the UN Security Council members on December 20 at UN headquarters to tackle complex contemporary challenges to international peace and security, stated a release.

Opening the discussion, the UN chief Antonio Guterres said that prevention and development must be at the centre of all efforts to address both the quantitative and qualitative changes that were emerging in threats around the world and the perils of nuclear weapons were once again front and centre, with tensions higher than those during the Cold War.

According to the release quoting the UN chief, climate change was a threat multiplier and technology advances had made it easier for extremists to communicate. Conflicts were longer, with some lasting 20 years on average, and were more complex, with armed and extremist groups linked with each other and with the worldwide threat of terrorism.

He opined that the trans-national drug smugglers and human traffickers were perpetuating the chaos and preying on refugees and migrants.

He suggested that the changing nature of conflict meant rethinking approaches that included integrated action and prevention must be at the centre of all efforts. Development was one of the best instruments of prevention, he added.

He stressed that the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development would help build peaceful societies with emphasis on human rights for social cohesion. Further, he was of view that women's participation was crucial to success, from conflict prevention to peacemaking and sustaining peace.

"Let us work together to enhance the Council's focus on emerging situations, expand the toolbox, increase resources for prevention, and be more systematic in avoiding conflict and sustaining peace," he said, emphasizing the need for Council unity as per the release.

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