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International Gita Mahotsava: Know essentials of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita
Kurukshetra in Haryana is celebrating the International Gita Mahotsava that was inaugurated by president Ram Nath Kovind on November 26 and it will culminate on November 30.

In Hinduism, the Bhagavad Gita is the most revered scripture that is widely read and commented upon. This Holy Scripture is even accepted as the 'Divine Witness' in Indian courts.

According to Society for Krishna's Consciousness (SKC), the Bhagavad Gita is a great philosophical work that presents us with a complete notion about such fundamental problems of philosophy as what is man, what is God, what is the meaning of human life, and what are the principles of human evolution.

The main hero of the Bhagavad Gita is Lord Krishna who gave to people the greatest spiritual precepts which are expounded in the form of a dialogue between Krishna and His friend Arjuna before a famous Mahabharata battle at Kurukshetra.

Main precept of the Bhagavad Gita is that of imortality of soul or 'Man is not a body and does not die with the death of the body. And in that sense, no one can kill and no one can be killed.'

Gita Mahotasava is the right occasion to reflect on the tenets of Srimad Bhagavad Gita and adopt them to live a righteous life. I find the five main tenets of Srimad Bhagavad Gita are: One who has control over the mind is tranquil in heat and cold, in pleasure and pain, and in honour and dishonour; and is ever steadfast with the Supreme Self; One gradually attains tranquillity of mind by keeping the mind fully absorbed in the Self by means of a well-trained intellect, and thinking of nothing else; Hell has three gates: lust, anger, and greed; Delusion arises from anger and Reasoning is destroyed when the mind is bewildered; Soul is eternal it is not vanquished with the destruction of the temporary body; A person is said to have achieved yoga, the union with the Self, when the perfectly disciplined mind gets freedom from all desires, and becomes absorbed in the Self alone; and a Karma-yogi performs action by body, mind, intellect, and senses, without attachment or ego, only for self-purification

Here is the main message of the Bhagavad Gita as an ABC verse.

A: Atman or soul is eternal and immortal and is the menifestation of the Supreme Soul in every living entity

B: Be aware of the consequences of lust, greed and anger as the roots of sorrow and strife

C: Conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna to dispel the confusion and moral dilemma about fighting his own cousins leading to a detached action as tenet for blissful living

D: Divine discourse as transcendental knowledge expounding yogic paths of devotional service, detached action, meditation and knowledge of the self.

E: Enlightenment comes from growing beyond identification with the temporal ego or the 'False Self'

According to Ashtavakra Gita, there is no such thing as existence or non-existence, right or wrong, or moral or immoral and one's true identity can be found by simply recognizing oneself as Pure Existence as a mere Awareness or Consciousness or Witness.

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