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Go for cooperative learning techniques to make education a social process in schools
In India, there are a few schools which make use of cooperative learning techniques up to grade VIII; do not have any examination system and look at testing as ability to teach someone what one has learned.

In cooperative learning, classroom instruction is seen as a social process which demands emphasize on the values of caring and sharing in schools rather than competition and rivalry. Therefore, schools need to make a shift from competition to cooperation in schools to humanize education.

Currently, the methodology of cooperative learning has become well defined and techniques for its implementation have been developed and validated through research and experimentation. There is need to train teachers in the techniques of cooperative learning to implement and stabilize them so that education once again becomes a sensitive social process.

In its true sense, cooperative learning is a method of promoting learning through student cooperation rather than competition without hurting the self-esteem of students. Cooperative learning has instruct worth since It effectively uses peer tutoring and group learning in a classroom to make learning a process of socialization and sharing of knowledge.

In such a situation, it becomes imperative that both the teacher and students understand cooperative learning and their roles and responsibilities for making it successful in the classroom. Certain skills need to be learned before implementing cooperative learning, these include the pro-social skills of listening, taking turns, asking questions, offering suggestions, speaking positively about others and helping others. The advocates of the life skill education also emphasize these skills and so does the scheme of comprehensive assessment and certification by schools.

Assessment of social skills combined with levels of academic learning linked with continuous improvement has been found to be the most effective use of cooperation in learning, especially at the elementary education level. When cooperation is taken as a value for classroom organization it results in the advantages like the provision of an opportunity for all students to learn and use pro-social skills; mobilization of bright students as learning resources; enhancement of students' ability to view situations from other's perspective; development of more positive, accepting and supportive relationships with peers; and enhanced possibility of academic achievement of students.

Another important element to foster cooperation in the classroom is in the form of peer tutoring. It is a method of affording an opportunity to turn the school into a community of co-learners. It also creates a support system for classroom instruction by using peers to teach other students or tutees. The tutor help the tutees learn, practice, or review an academic skill. Among the other advantages of peer tutoring are that the tutor models appropriate academic and non-academic behaviour for the tutee and the relationship between the two students offers both opportunities to build social relationships within the classroom.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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